WebDeveloper.com �: Where Web Developers and Designers Learn How to Build Web Sites, Program in Java and JavaScript, and More!   
Web Developer Resource Directory WebDev Jobs
Animated GIFs
CSS
CSS Properties
Database
Design
Flash
HTML
HTML 4.01 Tags
JavaScript
.NET
PHP
Reference
Security
Site Management
Video
XML/RSS
WD Forums
 Client-Side
  Development

    HTML
    XML
    CSS
    Graphics
    JavaScript
    ASP
    Multimedia
    Web Video
    Accessibility
    Dreamweaver
    General
    Accessibility
    Dreamweaver
    Expression Web

    General

 Server-Side
  Development

    PHP
    Perl
    .NET
    Forum, Blog, Wiki & CMS
    SQL
    Java
    Others

 Site Management
    Domain Names
    Search Engines
    Website Reviews

 Web Development
  Business Issues

    Business Matters

 Etc.
    The Coffee Lounge
    Computer Issues
    Feedback




Beginners Guide to CGI in Perl

by Nathan Poole

Obviously we can't just jump right into programming. We need to teach a new basics, if you have a problem with any example click the linked * beside the example for a further explanation.

Discussed is the following, think of it as 4 easy lessons. There are hundreds of Perl commands, we're going to use 4 to begin with, and we're going to make a program with them.

  • Perl Path
  • Printing
  • Defining Variables
  • Comparing with if statements

PERL PATH


When a server installs Perl on their machine, it's given a directory to be stored in. Just how your Perl program was installed in C:Perl, their Perl would most likely go in a directory /usr/bin/perl. You refer to this so your program knows where to find Perl. This obviously is the first thing in your program. Since I'm assuming everyone using this tutorial is on Windows, we don't need to define these when we're using your Windows Perl, but we will just to get you in the habit. At the top of your program you'll want to type:

#!/usr/bin/perl

This is where Perl is usually installed on a server. If you seem to be having problems when we jump into CGI check the troubleshooting section of this article and there you can find out how to check your perl path.

Printing

Of course our first program will have you print "Hello World!" on the screen. So you'll need to know how to print (even though the example will be shown later).

print "Whatever you want to print here";

As simple as that. Like many HTML tags you need to show Perl when to start printing, and when to stop. We accomplish this by using quotations, and then we end the statement in a semi-colon.

Defining Variables

When programming, you may need to stor some information somewhere, and unfortunately Perl just can't keep it in it's nooks and crannies until you need it. So what we do is input that information into what's called a variable. A variable is assigned with a number sign ($) and holds that information until you need it (if at all). For example...

$myname = "Nathan Poole";

And now, until someone deletes my program, the characters $myname means "Nathan Poole" and nothing more. You want to name your variable names something related to what information it will hold. So $myname seems justified.

Comparing with if Statements

This will be the hardest thing we'll discuss here, so you may want to pay a little closer attention. Sometimes you'll need to check if a variable equals something in particular. For example, if I had the following...

$myname = "Nathan Poole";

And perhaps I needed to check that information. I would use an if statement. It looks a little something like this.

if ($myname eq "Nathan Poole") {
print "Hello Nathan, yes, I know you quite well";
}

Think of it like this -- the comparison portion of our program is in between brackets. And the ACTION part (the section that our program is to do something after it decides if something is true or not) is in between braces. Now that example would check if $myname equals Nathan Poole. And we know it does so after Perl realizes that, it will print out "ello Nathan, I know you quite well". In fact, let's give that a try.



HTML5 Development Center


Recent Articles