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Thread: Is your docx file turning into a zip? - SOLUTION

  1. #1
    Join Date
    Apr 2007
    Location
    Seattle, WA
    Posts
    53

    Thumbs up Is your docx file turning into a zip? - SOLUTION

    In an attempt to save someone some heartache, I'm going to write up about a problem that I've seen, but hasn't been well documented. The new Office 2007 file extensions (docx,potx,xlsx,etc) turning into ZIP files when they are uploaded to a web server and then downloaded.

    The new Office 2007 file formats are now using an Open XML file format system so they are more compatible with other office programs from Google, Open Office...etc. Essentially they are ZIP files that are full of XML files that when opened with the a proper application turn into a friendly word document. While that's pretty nice of Microsoft, they haven't been to good about release MIME type information for these file formats which can cause some interesting issues when trying to upload and download them to a webserver.

    I stumbled onto this problem while I was working with MediaWiki. I was uploading Office 2007 files (docx to be precise) and when my co-workers went to download them on Vista, they would save as .zip files. When they tried to open them up they were just a bunch of XML files which to the untrained eye would be a bunch of gobbledygook.

    I was tasked with solving this problem. After searching the internet for a good 2 hours I stumbled onto a post on a DRUPAL blog. Someone was asking about this problem using Drupal. So I thought, what do Drupal and MediaWiki have in common...php/mysql backend was what I came up with.

    So after doing some more research I found a blog post written by Dave Overton. He was trying to solve that same problem for a local SBS server. He found a solution that involved the MIME Types on the server. The lightbulb went off.

    Since Office 2007 is new and Vista is new a web server isn't going to know what application runs what file extension. At some point Microsoft will release an update (I hope) but until them we can just add in the appropriate MIME Types to our web servers and that should give us the results we want.

    I put up the list of office 2007 file extensions and their MIME Types on to the server hosting my MediaWiki and just like that everything worked. Here is the list of Office 2007 MIME type associations you can add if you run into this same problem.

    Code:
    ".manifest", "application/manifest"
    ".xaml", "application/xaml+xml", 
    ".application",  "application/x-ms-application", 
    ".deploy", "application/octet-stream"
    ".xbap", "application/x-ms-xbap"
    
    ".docm","application/vnd.ms-word.document.macroEnabled.12" 
    ".docx","application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.wordprocessingml.document" 
    ".dotm","application/vnd.ms-word.template.macroEnabled.12" 
    ".dotx","application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.wordprocessingml.template" 
    ".potm","application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.template.macroEnabled.12" 
    ".potx","application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.template" 
    ".ppam","application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.addin.macroEnabled.12" 
    ".ppsm","application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.slideshow.macroEnabled.12" 
    ".ppsx","application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.slideshow" 
    ".pptm","application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.presentation.macroEnabled.12" 
    ".pptx","application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.presentation" 
    ".xlam","application/vnd.ms-excel.addin.macroEnabled.12" 
    ".xlsb","application/vnd.ms-excel.sheet.binary.macroEnabled.12" 
    ".xlsm","application/vnd.ms-excel.sheet.macroEnabled.12" 
    ".xlsx","application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet" 
    ".xltm","application/vnd.ms-excel.template.macroEnabled.12" 
    ".xltx","application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.template"

  2. #2
    Join Date
    Jun 2008
    Location
    Orlando, FL
    Posts
    3

    Thumbs up

    So yeah, to make this work in apache, throw up a file called .htaccess in the web root of whatever site you want to change and throw this crap in it:

    Code:
    AddType application/vnd.ms-word.document.macroEnabled.12 .docm
    AddType application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.wordprocessingml.document docx
    AddType application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.wordprocessingml.template dotx
    AddType application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.template.macroEnabled.12 potm
    AddType application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.template potx
    AddType application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.addin.macroEnabled.12 ppam
    AddType application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.slideshow.macroEnabled.12 ppsm
    AddType application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.slideshow ppsx
    AddType application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.presentation.macroEnabled.12 pptm
    AddType application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.presentation pptx
    AddType application/vnd.ms-excel.addin.macroEnabled.12 xlam
    AddType application/vnd.ms-excel.sheet.binary.macroEnabled.12 xlsb
    AddType application/vnd.ms-excel.sheet.macroEnabled.12 xlsm
    AddType application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet xlsx
    AddType application/vnd.ms-excel.template.macroEnabled.12 xltm
    AddType application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.template xltx
    and it'll work. thanks to the op! been looking for that for a while!

  3. #3
    Join Date
    Jun 2008
    Posts
    3

    Red face .htaccess

    Hi,

    I am pretty new to this and am using Drupal. We uploaded a .xlsm file and when someone tries opening it, it opens in ZiP and the content is not what we uploaded.

    I tried what was suggested however the .htaccess file already exists in the root.

    What do you recommend? Should I append the existing file?

    I actually tried that and restarted Apache but no-go...

    thoughts?

  4. #4
    Join Date
    Jun 2008
    Location
    Orlando, FL
    Posts
    3
    not sure what could be the issue then - post your .htaccess file here and we'll take a look?

    what version of apache are you using?

  5. #5
    Join Date
    Jun 2008
    Posts
    3

    Red face .htaccess file

    Thank you,
    Keep in mind, all I did was add to the file what was recommended (see below)


    #
    # Apache/PHP/Drupal settings:
    #

    # Protect files and directories from prying eyes.
    <FilesMatch "(\.(engine|inc|info|install|module|profile|po|sh|.*sql|theme|tpl(\.php)?|xtmpl)|code-style\.pl|Entries.*|Repository|Root|Tag|Template)$">
    Order allow,deny
    </FilesMatch>

    # Don't show directory listings for URLs which map to a directory.
    Options -Indexes

    # Follow symbolic links in this directory.
    Options +FollowSymLinks

    # Customized error messages.
    ErrorDocument 404 /index.php

    # Set the default handler.
    DirectoryIndex index.php

    # Override PHP settings. More in sites/default/settings.php
    # but the following cannot be changed at runtime.

    # PHP 4, Apache 1.
    <IfModule mod_php4.c>
    php_value magic_quotes_gpc 0
    php_value register_globals 0
    php_value session.auto_start 0
    </IfModule>

    # PHP 4, Apache 2.
    <IfModule sapi_apache2.c>
    php_value magic_quotes_gpc 0
    php_value register_globals 0
    php_value session.auto_start 0
    </IfModule>

    # PHP 5, Apache 1 and 2.
    <IfModule mod_php5.c>
    php_value magic_quotes_gpc 0
    php_value register_globals 0
    php_value session.auto_start 0
    </IfModule>

    # Requires mod_expires to be enabled.
    <IfModule mod_expires.c>
    # Enable expirations.
    ExpiresActive On
    # Cache all files for 2 weeks after access (A).
    ExpiresDefault A1209600
    # Do not cache dynamically generated pages.
    ExpiresByType text/html A1
    </IfModule>

    # Various rewrite rules.
    <IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
    RewriteEngine on

    # If your site can be accessed both with and without the prefix www. you
    # can use one of the following settings to force user to use only one option:
    #
    # If you want the site to be accessed WITH the www. only, adapt and
    # uncomment the following:
    # RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} ^example\.com$ [NC]
    # RewriteRule .* http://www.example.com/ [L,R=301]
    #
    # If you want the site to be accessed only WITHOUT the www. prefix, adapt
    # and uncomment the following:
    # RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} ^www\.example\.com$ [NC]
    # RewriteRule .* http://example.com/ [L,R=301]

    # Modify the RewriteBase if you are using Drupal in a subdirectory and
    # the rewrite rules are not working properly.
    #RewriteBase /drupal

    # Rewrite old-style URLs of the form 'node.php?id=x'.
    #RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
    #RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
    #RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} ^id=([^&]+)$
    #RewriteRule node.php index.php?q=node/view/%1 [L]

    # Rewrite old-style URLs of the form 'module.php?mod=x'.
    #RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
    #RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
    #RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} ^mod=([^&]+)$
    #RewriteRule module.php index.php?q=%1 [L]

    # Rewrite current-style URLs of the form 'index.php?q=x'.
    RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
    RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
    RewriteRule ^(.*)$ index.php?q=$1 [L,QSA]
    </IfModule>


    AddType application/vnd.ms-word.document.macroEnabled.12 .docm
    AddType application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.wordprocessingml.document docx
    AddType application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.wordprocessingml.template dotx
    AddType application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.template.macroEnabled.12 potm
    AddType application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.template potx
    AddType application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.addin.macroEnabled.12 ppam
    AddType application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.slideshow.macroEnabled.12 ppsm
    AddType application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.slideshow ppsx
    AddType application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.presentation.macroEnabled.12 pptm
    AddType application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.presentation pptx
    AddType application/vnd.ms-excel.addin.macroEnabled.12 xlam
    AddType application/vnd.ms-excel.sheet.binary.macroEnabled.12 xlsb
    AddType application/vnd.ms-excel.sheet.macroEnabled.12 xlsm
    AddType application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet xlsx
    AddType application/vnd.ms-excel.template.macroEnabled.12 xltm
    AddType application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.template xltx




    ".manifest", "application/manifest"
    ".xaml", "application/xaml+xml",
    ".application", "application/x-ms-application",
    ".deploy", "application/octet-stream"
    ".xbap", "application/x-ms-xbap"

    ".docm","application/vnd.ms-word.document.macroEnabled.12"
    ".docx","application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.wordprocessingml.document"
    ".dotm","application/vnd.ms-word.template.macroEnabled.12"
    ".dotx","application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.wordprocessingml.template"
    ".potm","application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.template.macroEnabled.12"
    ".potx","application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.template"
    ".ppam","application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.addin.macroEnabled.12"
    ".ppsm","application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.slideshow.macroEnabled.12"
    ".ppsx","application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.slideshow"
    ".pptm","application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.presentation.macroEnabled.12"
    ".pptx","application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.presentation"
    ".xlam","application/vnd.ms-excel.addin.macroEnabled.12"
    ".xlsb","application/vnd.ms-excel.sheet.binary.macroEnabled.12"
    ".xlsm","application vnd.ms-excel.sheet.macroEnabled.12"
    ".xlsx","application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet"
    ".xltm","application/vnd.ms-excel.template.macroEnabled.12"
    ".xltx","application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.template"




    # $Id: .htaccess,v 1.81 2007/01/09 09:27:10 dries Exp $

  6. #6
    Join Date
    Jun 2008
    Location
    Orlando, FL
    Posts
    3
    haha, awesome dude. awesome.

    take out all the stuff in quotes at the bottom there starting with

    ".manifest", "application/manifest"

    and ending with

    ".xltx","application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.template"

    All that stuff was from the op in some kinda crazy format for some other web server that I'm too stupid to understand, my post was what you needed for Apache. All that garbage you put in there Apache has no idea what to do with.

    Try that out and lemme know how it goes.

  7. #7
    Join Date
    Jun 2008
    Posts
    3

    not yet but...update_mime.vbs

    i removed the extra stuff and restarted the server but that did not do it.

    I added this script (not mine) and placed it: Apache Group\Apache2\conf\update_mime.vbs

    and that seemed to have dome something however instead of downloading the .xlsm file as 07 it opens as 03.

    Any other thoughts?


    'This script adds the necessary Office 2007 MIME types to an IIS Server.
    'To use this script, just double-click or execute it from a command line.
    'Running this script multiple times results in multiple entries in the IIS MimeMap.

    Dim MimeMapObj, MimeMapArray, MimeTypesToAddArray, WshShell, oExec
    Const ADS_PROPERTY_UPDATE = 2

    'Set the MIME types to be added
    ' MimeTypesToAddArray = Array(".manifest", "application/manifest", _
    ' ".xaml", "application/xaml+xml", ".application", "application/x-ms-application", ".deploy", "application/octet-stream", _
    ' ".xbap", "application/x-ms-xbap")
    MimeTypesToAddArray = Array( _
    ".docm","application/vnd.ms-word.document.macroEnabled.12" , _
    ".docx","application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.wordprocessingml.document" , _
    ".dotm","application/vnd.ms-word.template.macroEnabled.12" , _
    ".dotx","application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.wordprocessingml.template" , _
    ".potm","application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.template.macroEnabled.12" , _
    ".potx","application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.template" , _
    ".ppam","application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.addin.macroEnabled.12" , _
    ".ppsm","application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.slideshow.macroEnabled.12" , _
    ".ppsx","application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.slideshow" , _
    ".pptm","application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.presentation.macroEnabled.12" , _
    ".pptx","application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.presentation" , _
    ".xlam","application/vnd.ms-excel.addin.macroEnabled.12" , _
    ".xlsb","application/vnd.ms-excel.sheet.binary.macroEnabled.12" , _
    ".xlsm","application/vnd.ms-excel.sheet.macroEnabled.12" , _
    ".xlsx","application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet" , _
    ".xltm","application/vnd.ms-excel.template.macroEnabled.12" , _
    ".xltx","application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.template" _
    )

    'Get the mimemap object
    Set MimeMapObj = GetObject("IIS://LocalHost/MimeMap")

    'Call AddMimeType for every pair of extension/MIME type
    For counter = 0 to UBound(MimeTypesToAddArray) Step 2
    AddMimeType MimeTypesToAddArray(counter), MimeTypesToAddArray(counter+1)
    Next

    'Create a Shell object
    Set WshShell = CreateObject("WScript.Shell")

    'Stop and Start the IIS Service
    Set oExec = WshShell.Exec("net stop w3svc")
    Do While oExec.Status = 0
    WScript.Sleep 100
    Loop

    Set oExec = WshShell.Exec("net start w3svc")
    Do While oExec.Status = 0
    WScript.Sleep 100
    Loop

    Set oExec = Nothing

    'Report status to user
    WScript.Echo "SharePoint Mime Types have been added."

    'AddMimeType Sub
    Sub AddMimeType (Ext, MType)

    'Get the mappings from the MimeMap property.
    MimeMapArray = MimeMapObj.GetEx("MimeMap")

    ' Add a new mapping.
    i = UBound(MimeMapArray) + 1
    Redim Preserve MimeMapArray(i)
    Set MimeMapArray(i) = CreateObject("MimeMap")
    MimeMapArray(i).Extension = Ext
    MimeMapArray(i).MimeType = MType
    MimeMapObj.PutEx ADS_PROPERTY_UPDATE, "MimeMap", MimeMapArray
    MimeMapObj.SetInfo
    End Sub

  8. #8
    Join Date
    Aug 2008
    Posts
    1

    Worked like a charm

    Hey, thanks for this. Worked perfectly - office 2007 files are now downloading correctly.

  9. #9
    Join Date
    Oct 2008
    Posts
    1
    Hi ,

    I am facing the same issue (office 2007 files are opened as zip files while downloaded). I am using Pramati 4.1 server. I do not see .htaccess in the server. Can you please help me how to fix this issue in Pramati.

    Thanks
    Babu

  10. #10
    Join Date
    Nov 2008
    Posts
    1

    mozilla doesn't have the same problem

    I have half users using Mozilla with no problem but those using IE have the issue, I haven't seen any patch from Microsoft as a patch yet, but isn't this really an IE issue?

  11. #11
    Join Date
    May 2009
    Posts
    1

    ubuntu/apache2

    For apache2:

    /etc/mime.types

    application/vnd.ms-word.document.macroEnabled.12 .docm
    application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.wordprocessingml.document docx
    application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.wordprocessingml.template dotx
    application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.template.macroEnabled.12 potm
    application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.template potx
    application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.addin.macroEnabled.12 ppam
    application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.slideshow.macroEnabled.12 ppsm
    application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.slideshow ppsx
    application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.presentation.macroEnabled.12 pptm
    application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.presentation pptx
    application/vnd.ms-excel.addin.macroEnabled.12 xlam
    application/vnd.ms-excel.sheet.binary.macroEnabled.12 xlsb
    application/vnd.ms-excel.sheet.macroEnabled.12 xlsm
    application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet xlsx
    application/vnd.ms-excel.template.macroEnabled.12 xltm
    application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.template xltx

  12. #12
    Join Date
    Jun 2009
    Posts
    1
    Thanks for this discussion. Now I am able to solved the problem. Great job.


    Simulation pret

  13. #13
    Join Date
    Aug 2009
    Posts
    1
    Hi, I have IIS 5.1 installed on my computer with windows xp pro (sp2). I use Coldfusion MX.
    I have added the mime types to my IIS.
    I've also added these mime types to the metabase.bin.
    However, when i access my website (with IE7 )on localhost the problem still remains.
    The office 2007 files are stll being downloaded as .zip files.
    Any sugestions ???

  14. #14
    Join Date
    Jan 2010
    Posts
    1
    Thanks DustDevil1980! This worked like a charm.
    etc/apache2/mime.type though, but once I found it I simply copied it in.

  15. #15
    Join Date
    Jan 2010
    Posts
    1
    This did it for me, thanks a lot mcupples, opened the folder my Excel file was in then went to file manager, created new file paste it the code you recommended, done.

    Thanks

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