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Thread: Highlight specific Menu-Item via CSS possible?

  1. #1
    Join Date
    Apr 2012

    Highlight specific Menu-Item via CSS possible?


    I want to highlight a single menu-item in my sidebar when there's a campaign.
    The menu is generated dynamically and this cannot be solved on this level, so I am wondering, if I can select and highlight via CSS by name of the menu-entry ('Membership').

    Any ideas?

    I cannot change the menu generation-code, else I would assign an ID and highlight this via CSS.

    Can I include a CSS path to find any menu-entry with the name 'Memership' and highlight it? Is this possible?

    I also want to highlight the current selected menu item in the menu dynamically, too.

    HTML Code:
    #navi #menue .current-menu-item > a,
    #navi #menue .current-menu-ancestor > a,
    #navi #menue .current_page_item > a,
    #navi  #menue .current_page_ancestor > a,
    #Rahmen #Navigation .current-menu-item > a,
    #Rahmen #Navigation .current-menu-ancestor > a,
    #Rahmen #Navigation .current_page_item > a,
    #Rahmen #Navigation .current_page_ancestor > a {
      font-weight: bold;
      color: yellow;

    HTML Code:
    <div id="navi">
      <ul id="menue">
       <li class="document"><a class="" href="/index.php?tpl=page&id=18&lng=en">Home</a></li>
       <li class="folder"><a class="" href="/index.php?tpl=page&id=19&lng=en">Medicine ↘</a>    <ul style="display:none;">   <li class="document"><a class="" href="/index.php?tpl=page&id=21&lng=en">Medical Uses</a></li>
       <li class="document"><a class="" href="/index.php?tpl=page&id=35&lng=en">Side effects</a></li>
       <li class="document"><a class="" href="/index.php?tpl=studylist&id=36&lng=en">Studies and Case Reports</a></li>
      </li>   <li class="folder"><a class="" href="/index.php?tpl=page&id=37&lng=en">Science ↘</a>    <ul style="display:none;">   <li class="document"><a class="" href="/index.php?tpl=deflist&id=38&lng=en">Definitions</a></li>
       <li class="document"><a class="" href="/index.php?tpl=page&id=39&lng=en">List of Clinical Studies</a></li>
       <li><a class=""  href="/studies/study.php">Database of Clinical Studies</a></li>
       <li class="document"><a class="" href="/index.php?tpl=page&id=244&lng=en">Review on Clinical Studies 2005-2009</a></li>
      </li>   <li class="folder"><a class="" href="/index.php?tpl=page&id=41&lng=en">Laws and Politics ↘</a>    <ul style="display:none;">   <li class="document"><a class="" href="/index.php?tpl=page&id=236&lng=en">Overview English</a></li>
       <li class="document"><a class="" href="/index.php?tpl=page&id=245&lng=en">Canada</a></li>
       <li class="document"><a class="" href="/index.php?tpl=page&id=42&lng=en">Finland</a></li>
       <li class="document"><a class="" href="/index.php?tpl=page&id=43&lng=en">France</a></li>
       <li class="document"><a class="" href="/index.php?tpl=page&id=44&lng=en">Germany / Deutschland</a></li>
       <li class="document"><a class="" href="/index.php?tpl=page&id=45&lng=en">Israel</a></li>
       <li class="document"><a class="" href="/index.php?tpl=page&id=46&lng=en">New Zealand</a></li>
       <li class="document"><a class="" href="/index.php?tpl=page&id=47&lng=en">Spain / Espa˝a</a></li>
       <li class="document"><a class="" href="/index.php?tpl=page&id=48&lng=en">Sweden</a></li>
       <li class="document"><a class="" href="/index.php?tpl=page&id=235&lng=en">The Netherlands / Nederland</a></li>
       <li class="document"><a class="" href="/index.php?tpl=page&id=234&lng=en">UK</a></li>
       <li class="document"><a class="" href="/index.php?tpl=page&id=49&lng=en">United States of America</a></li>
       <li class="document"><a class="" href="/index.php?tpl=page&id=246&lng=en">▄bersicht deutsch</a></li>
      </li>   <li class="folder"><a class="" href="/index.php?tpl=page&id=50&lng=en">Archive ↘</a>    <ul style="display:none;">   <li><a class=""  href="/english/bulletin/bulletin.php">Bulletin</a></li>
      </li>   <li class="document"><a class="" href="/index.php?tpl=faqlist&id=53&lng=en">FAQ</a></li>
       <li class="document"><a class="" href="/index.php?tpl=ukpage&id=252&lng=en">UK</a></li>
       <li class="document"><a class="" href="/index.php?tpl=page&id=69&lng=en">Links</a></li>
       <li class="folder"><a class="" href="/index.php?tpl=page&id=72&lng=en">About us ↘</a>    <ul style="display:none;">   <li class="document"><a class="" href="/index.php?tpl=page&id=73&lng=en">Introduction</a></li>
       <li class="document"><a class="" href="/index.php?tpl=page&id=74&lng=en">Board of Directors</a></li>
       <li class="document"><a class="" href="/index.php?tpl=page&id=75&lng=en">Statutes</a></li>
      </li>   <li class="document"><a class="a" href="/index.php?tpl=page&id=76&lng=en">Membership</a></li>
       <li class="document"><a class="" href="/index.php?tpl=page&id=77&lng=en">Imprint</a></li>
    <div id="Rahmen">
    		<ul id="Navigation">
       <li><a class="" href="/index.php?tpl=page&id=1&lng=en">Newsletter</a>    <ul>   <li><a class=""  href="/english/bulletin/bulletin.php">Bulletin</a></li>
       <li><a class=""  href="/english/subscribe.htm" target="_blank">Subscribe &#x21a6;</a></li>
       <li><a class="" href="/index.php?tpl=page&id=7&lng=en">About the Journal</a></li>
       <li><a class="" href="/index.php?tpl=page&id=8&lng=en">For Authors</a></li>
       <li><a class="" href="/index.php?tpl=journallist&id=9&lng=en">Journals</a></li>
      </li>   <li><a class="" href="/index.php?tpl=page&id=10&lng=en">Conference</a>    <ul>   <li><a class=""  href="http://www.conference.com/" target="_blank">2011 &#x21a6;</a></li>
       <li><a class="" href="/index.php?tpl=archivlist&id=12&lng=en">Former</a></li>
        		</ul><li><a href="#">Language</a>
        				<li><a href="/index.php?lng=en">English</a></li>
        				<li><a href="/index.php?lng=de">Deutsch</a></li>
        				<li><a href="/index.php?lng=fr">Fran&ccedil;ais</a></li>
        				<li><a href="/index.php?lng=nl">Nederlands</a></li>
        				<li><a href="/index.php?lng=es">Espa&ntilde;ol</a></li>
        				<li><a href="/index.php?lng=po">Portugu&ecirc;s</a></li>
    It does not work.

  2. #2
    Join Date
    Mar 2011
    If you can generate the CSS file dynamically, you might be able to use an attribute selector to highlight the current page with something like:
    a[href$="tpl=page&id=246&lng=en"] { font-weight:bold; color:yellow; !important; }
    and dynamically insert the value for the 'href' based on the current page.
    Rick Trethewey
    Rainbo Design

  3. #3
    Join Date
    Apr 2012
    found it, the
    is used for common prefix-matching.

    For others:
    $(document).ready( function() {
      $('[href^="/index.php?tpl=page&id=76&"]').css({'color': 'yellow', 'font-weight': 'bold'}); /* All 'Membership'-links. */
      $('[href^="/index.php?tpl=page&id=1&"]').css({'color': 'yellow', 'font-weight': 'bold'}); /* All 'Newsletter'-links. */
      $('a[Rundbrief]').css("color", "yellow"); /* German special case. */
    //  '<a class="" href="#">Rundbrief</a>'
    });  // end document.ready()
    Now I have two questions left:

    How can I select this link by it's displayed linkname?
    <div id="Rahmen">
      <ul id="Navigation">
        <li><a class=""  href="#">Rundbrief</a>
    This does not work:
      $('a[Rundbrief]').css("color", "yellow"); /* German special case. */
    and the issue to display the currently opened menu-item via CSS only (or also via jQuery)

    #navi #menue .current-menu-item > a,
    #navi #menue .current-menu-ancestor > a,
    #navi #menue .current_page_item > a,
    #navi  #menue .current_page_ancestor > a,
    #Rahmen #Navigation .current-menu-item > a,
    #Rahmen #Navigation .current-menu-ancestor > a,
    #Rahmen #Navigation .current_page_item > a,
    #Rahmen #Navigation .current_page_ancestor > a {
      font-weight: bold;
      color: yellow;
    This does not work yet.

  4. #4
    Join Date
    Mar 2011
    Your code:
    $(document).ready( function() {
      $('[href^="/index.php?tpl=page&id=76&"]').css({'color': 'yellow', 'font-weight': 'bold'}); /* All 'Membership'-links. */
      $('[href^="/index.php?tpl=page&id=1&"]').css({'color': 'yellow', 'font-weight': 'bold'}); /* All 'Newsletter'-links. */
      $('a[Rundbrief]').css("color", "yellow"); /* German special case. */
    //  '<a class="" href="#">Rundbrief</a>'
    });  // end document.ready()
    is doing in jQuery is doing the same thing I suggested in pure CSS. That is, you could just use:
    a[href^="/index.php?tpl=page&id=76&"] { font-weight:bold; color:yellow; !important; }
    a[href^="/index.php?tpl=page&id=1&"] { font-weight:bold; color:yellow; !important; }
    and not rely on JavaScript at all.

    Changing the style of a link based on its content would require JavaScript. The only way I know to do it would be something like:
     links = document.getElementsByTagName('a');
      for (i=0; i<links.length; i++) {
       if (links[i].innerHTML == 'Rundbrief') {
         links[i].style.color = 'yellow';
         links[i].style.fontWeight = 'bold';
       } // endif
      } // end for i
    jQuery probably has a more compact method of doing this, but it should give you a start.
    Rick Trethewey
    Rainbo Design

  5. #5
    Join Date
    Apr 2012
    is doing in jQuery is doing the same thing I suggested in pure CSS.
    great idea, I thought it was jQuery Sizzle-synthax, but CSS-selectors are even better. Strange thing, I cannot make them work. The CSS-code does nothing on my site.

    The Rundbrief-problem I solved with your Javascript function, as there are several more '#'-links, so all would turn up bold and yellow.
    Later a redesign of the HTML and the CSS is planned.

    Thank you for the support!

    For reference: I also posted here and interlink the threads:

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