Hi All!

Long time reader/first time poster.

My question requires the advice of a web developer. I have studied a certificate course in web development but I plan to do a degree in digital media to advance my skills – I would like to clarify what areas to focus on in order to develop examples like the following.

My question is – what technologies are used to develop websites like the examples below? JavaScript/HTML5/CSS3/jQuery/PHP etc. Also, how advanced are a developers skills to produce work like this?

These are the kinds of sites I would like to design and develop one day but there are so many programs, scripting languages and technologies out there – I don’t know what to learn in order to create websites like these.

http://www.redape.com.au/
http://rock-hound.tv/
http://mysuccess.icemalta.com/
http://bananacafe.com.br/

I realise it is a junior question – but we all have to start somewhere!
Any help or suggestions would be very appreciated.