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Thread: Can't apply what I've learned

  1. #1
    Join Date
    May 2014

    Can't apply what I've learned

    I'm new so please bear with my stupidity on this matter. I recently completed an HTML/CSS program by code academy and I'm having trouble applying what I've learned.

    The problem I'm having is that I'm stuck. I've forgotten/don't know how to move my <nav> <h1> and <p>'s up.

    example: http://i.imgur.com/Hg4bUgl.jpg

    I want to move the navigation links up 35px, "Holla" up 75px, and the tagline up 86 pixels. Can someone explain to me how I'd do that?

    HTML Code:
    <!DOCTYPE html>
    		<title>Solo Site</title>
    		<meta charset="urf-8" />
    		<link rel="stylesheet" href="style.css" type="text/css">
    					<li class="active"><a href="#">Home</a></li>
    					<li><a href="#">Services</a></li>
    					<li><a href="#">Portfolio</a></li>
    					<li><a href="#">Blog</a></li>
    					<li><a href="#">About</a></li>
    					<li><a href="#">Contact</a></li>
    				<p>I'm <b>John Doe</b> a Canadian-based <b>web</b> & <b>graphic</b> designer who creates<br/>clean and modern designs for the world of web.</p>
    body {
    	background-color: #559c67;
    	color: #fff;
    	font-family: Open Sans;
    	font-size: 16px;
    a {
    	text-decoration: none;
    	color: #fff;
    header {
    	width: 1600px;
    	height: 90px;
    	background-color: #559C67;
    nav ul {
    	float: right;
    	margin: 90px 330px;
    nav li {
    	text-align: right;
    	margin-left: 40px;
    	display: inline;
    article {
    	background-color: #559C67;
    	width: 1600px;
    	height: 570px;
    article h1 {
    	font-size: 72px;
    	font-weight: lighter;
    	text-align: left;
    	margin-left: 330px;
    article p {
    	text-align: left;
    	margin-left: 330px;
    	padding-bottom: 60px;
    Any help appreciated, thank you.

  2. #2
    Join Date
    Oct 2013
    3rd planet from the sun
    in the css you can try margin-top: -35px; (this example would move the item up 35px)

  3. #3
    For the most part, just make your margins smaller... You want the H1 up higher, don't put 90px of bottom margin on the UL above it, put 55px on it.

    I would also suggest you STOP declaring widths and heights on elements for 'no reason'. You've got a 90px height on the (IMHO unneccesary HTML 5 bloat) header -- but you've got 90px of top and bottom margin on the UL inside it! You can't do that -- that UL is 180px + the line-height in size, that won't fit a 90px tall shell.

    Some other observations -- avoid trying to use font-weights other than 'normal' and 'bold' - they do NOT work consistently cross browser AT ALL. Likewise, if you redeclare the font-size, redeclare your line-heights so you have some clue what you're dealing with; line-height inheritance CANNOT be trusted, and failing to redeclare it when you change the font-size WILL bite you in the backside. Some ignorant fools will tell you that you can get inheritance that works by omitting a metric on the outermost declaration, for example: "line-height:1.5", but that does NOT work cross browser either no matter how many halfwits ignore the evidence to the contrary. (sorry, pet peeve)

    Also, left is the default text-align, you shouldn't have to say it, avoid declaring font sizes in px since that's accessibility rubbish (see the "web content accessibility guidelines - WCAG for more on that) and likewise, avoid declaring fixed widths too. Best practice would be min-width and max-width; the so called "semi-fluid" layout.

    Of course, I'd have to see what your CONTENT is going to be before weighing in more on the markup, though all those HTML 5 tags like ARTICLE, HEADING, NAV being redundant to numbered headings and horizontal rules I'd pitch in the trash before going much further.

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