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Thread: Special Characters in XML

  1. #1
    Join Date
    Feb 2003
    Posts
    1

    Special Characters in XML

    I'm currently doing an xml based website, and I have some questions regarding this.
    I have a problem that the xml file can't accept special characters. It shows error, something like the following:


    A name contained an invalid character. Error processing resource 'file:///C:/Documents and Settings/student/Desktop/Java/book10.xml'. Line 254, Position 22

    ---^ elvis<elvis@email.com>


    I had this error when i opened the file on Internet Browser. It seems that the xml file doesnt accept special characters like '@'. may i know what's the mistake that i've made? or is there any solutions to this problems?thanks in advance.

  2. #2
    Join Date
    Nov 2002
    Location
    Baltimore, Maryland
    Posts
    12,279
    The problem is that the parser thinks that elvis@email.com is an element name and amphorae are illegal characters in element names. Instead of <elvis@email.com> try &amp;lt;elvis@email.com&amp;gt;.
    “The power of the Web is in its universality. Access by everyone regardless of disability is an essential aspect.”
    —Tim Berners-Lee, W3C Director and inventor of the World Wide Web

  3. #3
    Join Date
    Jan 2004
    Posts
    2,422
    Apologies for thread necromancy, but I have a question pertaining to this topic. On my site I send my pages as application/xml+xhtml, and in the footer I use the copyright character (&copy;). While this is no problem in Firefox, it appears Thunderbird has a problem with it.
    Thunderbird's RSS Feed Reader
    XML Parsing Error: undefined entity
    Location: http://projep.no-ip.com:81/blog/archives/onions/
    Line Number 96, Column 26:<p id="footer">Copyright &amp;copy; 2004 Ben Rogers</p>
    I cannot enclose the copyright character in CDATA, because then the HTML entity is shown, but it's obviously not going to work as a special character. Please advise.

    Thanks for your time.

  4. #4
    Join Date
    Jun 2004
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    try
    Code:
    & #169;

  5. #5
    Join Date
    Jan 2004
    Posts
    2,422
    Originally posted by LiLcRaZyFuZzY
    try
    Code:
    & #169;
    I haven't tried it msyelf yet, but I asked someone to look at it for me in Thunderbird (I uninstalled it, it bothered me) and they said it 'twas fine. Thanks.

  6. #6
    Join Date
    Jan 2005
    Location
    United Kingdom
    Posts
    12
    You can use "&amp;" instead of @ symbol.

  7. #7
    Join Date
    Apr 2005
    Posts
    1

    Exclamation Special Character for em-dash

    I have been using — &#151 ; for an em-dash and the xml embedded to Flash gives a
    small box (PC) or a small head-image (MAC). Does anyone have a solution to define this character or an answer besides just putting two dashes?

    NEED HELP ASAP!! THanks!

  8. #8
    Join Date
    Jan 2005
    Location
    United Kingdom
    Posts
    12
    Try the following code in your style sheet and see if this works for you.

    Code:
    <xsl:stylesheet xmlns:xsl="http://www.w3.org/1999/XSL/Transform" version="2.0">
    <xsl:output use-character-maps="cm1"/>
      <xsl:character-map name="cm1">
          <xsl:output-character character="—" string="--"/>
      </xsl:character-map>
    
    <xsl:template .....>
        <xsl Statements...>
        <xsl Statements...>
      </xsl:template>
    </xsl:stylesheet>
    Note : In the xsl:Output-character, assign the character as character="<ampersand symbol><hash Symbol>8212;"

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