. Frontpage or sharepoint: "Microsoft Office SharePoint Portal Server 2003 (the current release) is a Web Portal which belongs to the Microsoft Office family. It is a collaborative portal application based on the Windows SharePoint Services platform, a free component of Windows Server 2003. Windows SharePoint Services offers online publishing of standard file formats. It also has version control, document approval and a basic search facility." (google )
WebDav is "Web-based Distributed Authoring and Versioning"
ftp is "file transfer protocol"
File system would be to your local hard drive.
Local to remote would be publishing something from your local drive to a remote server.
Remote to local would be uploading something from a remote server to a local drive.
Synchronize would be making sure the two directories are the same.
i think all those are right, correct me if im wrong.